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Mystical Setting Amidts Wilderness at Wasgamuwa National Park

Updated: Oct 30, 2019


Imagine a wildlife sanctuary where gentle giants roam, sloth bear slowly crawls and birds find refuge – Wasgamuwa National Park is an ideal place for nature lovers and wildlife photographers on the lookout for a mystical wilderness atmosphere.

If you have the cultural triangle (Sigiriya, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa) scheduled on your Sri Lanka tour itinerary

, then the Wasgamuwa National Park is a

good wilderness option for those who prefer the less crowded tourist attractions in Sri Lanka.


This dry zone park is home to about

150 floral varieties, many which are endemic23 mammal species140bird species, 5 of which are endemic15 amphibian species including endemic ones35 reptile species52 butterfly species17 species of fish.


Located in the North Central Province, fenced by the Mahaweli River in the East and the Amban River, the Wasgamuwa National Park spans 39,322 hectares. The vegetation features here are more of the typically mixed evergreen Dry Zone forest. Sudu Kanda (White Mountain) is the highest point of Elevation at the National Park and is located on the Western boundary, 470 meters high. Quartz and Marble are components that make up the soil at this Park.


The Wasgamuwa National Park is popularly known for the abundance of sloth bears. Also the ‘marsh elephant’ of Wasgamuwa and some of the largest Asian elephants reside here. ‘Walas Gamuwa’ in Sinhalese means a gathering of bears, which is where the name of the sanctuary ‘Wasgamuwa’ is believed to have originated. In 1984, the sanctuary was declared for the protection of displaced wild animals when the Mahaweli Development Scheme was taking place.


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